Interpreting noise meter readings

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Interpreting noise meter readings

Looking to buy a sound level meter? But what exactly is a data logging sound level meter and what does it mean for your noise measurements?

Sound level meters have come a long way since Cirrus starting manufacturing their own models in the s. The advances in computing technology has made it far easier for sound level meters to measure, process and calculate noise data. This technology also enables sound level meters to record all parameters simultaneously, rather than over repeated measurements.

So, what is a data logging sound level meter? Because your data logging sound level meter is equipped with its own internal memory, you can set-up the instrument to measure and capture all the parameters you need at user-defined intervals. Without a data logging sound level meter, you would need to manually record the sound levels and parameters as the measurement was taking place.

Leq - Equivalent Continuous Sound Level - LAeq

With data logging, you can take the measurement you need safe in the knowledge that everything has been stored on the internal memory for later viewing. Every application can benefit from a data logging sound level meter.

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For example, according to the Control of Noise at Work Regulations, a sound level meter that will be used to make a measurement should be capable of measuring:. This can quickly indicate if there is a problem you need to investigate further, but backs that up by storing the data to its internal memory. The Optimus comes with 4 GB of internal memory as standard, which can be upgraded to 32 GB on request.

This is included with the Optimus Sound Level Meter, so you can easily download and analyse your data, as well as generate custom reports.

interpreting noise meter readings

So there you have it. A data logging sound level meter is capable of storing your noise measurement data to its built-in memory. This allows you to download and analyse your data at a PC and saves you from having to manually record noise levels during an assessment. Need to know more about data logging sound level meters? Contact our Noise Experts today to discuss the data logging capabilities of our noise measurement instruments. About Latest Posts. Latest posts by Clarke Roberts see all Do I still need to calibrate my noise measurement instruments during the Covid lockdown?

Cirrus Research plc Visit Cirrus Research for our range of sound level meters and noise measurement instrumentation. Recent Posts Do I still need to calibrate my noise measurement instruments during the Covid lockdown? What are the 4 Different Types of Noise?

Get More NoiseNews. Social Stuff Tweets by cirrusresearch. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email.The TWA shows a worker's daily exposure to occupational noise normalized to an 8 hour daytaking into account the average levels of noise and the time spent in each area.

This is the parameter that is used by the OSHA Regulations and is essential in assessing a workers exposure and what action should be taken. Before working out the worker's TWA you have to measure the different high noise levels that the worker is subjected throughout a normal working day.

interpreting noise meter readings

The Time Weighted Average is calculated using these noise levels together with the amount of time that the worker is exposed to them. A worker is exposed to 86 dB for six hours and 92 dB for a three hours, giving a nine hour working day. For workers who are moving between many different noisy locations it is usually easier to use a Noise Dosimeter.

This device is attached to the worker at the start of the day and left to monitor the actual noise exposure. Customer Service Chat. Worked Example continued Basic Sound Level Meter. Logging Sound Level Meter.

Stores measurements Download to computer Produce reports. Integrating Sound Level Meter.An electricity meter shows how much energy you've used and will dictate how much you are charged on a monthly, quarterly or annual basis, so it's vital to understand how to take accurate measurements. Make sure you're not overpaying for your energy and switch to a fixed deal now.

Enter your postcode below to get started. Your electricity meter will tell you how much you actually use - rather than the estimate your supplier uses for each bill. This will help you decide whether you can get a better rate by switching. It's important to take accurate electricity meter readings because this ensures you don't pay more than you need to.

Electric meters record how much energy you actually use, as opposed to the estimate your supplier uses for each bill.

interpreting noise meter readings

This will also help you decide whether you can get a better rate by switching energy supplier. The way you are billed for your energy usage often sees your supplier estimate your usage and bill you accordingly which can sometimes leave you in credit that you can claim back. The supplier's estimate will be based either on past usage levels or, if you have recently moved, typical or average figures for the area. In either case, you'll need to check your electric meter to make sure you aren't paying more or less than you need to - this won't take into account any effort you've made to save energy for which you'd be owed compensation, or changes in routine for which you could be stung at the end of the period unless you pay as you go along.

There are six main types of electric meters. Taking an electricity meter reading differs depending on the model as each displays information differently. Standard, digital and dial are three ways used to display a basic electric meter reading. This is the most common type of electric meter and uses a mechanical display to show your readings.

You'll need to take a reading of five black numbers from left to right - ignoring any red numbers if present. Dial meters - which look like small traditional clocks - are slightly more complex. When reading your dial meter, always remember that dials next to each other go round in opposite directions.

Read the numbers on the dials from left to right, ignoring the last red dial if it is presentor any dials without figures or hands. If the needle is between two figures, write down the figure the dial has just passed. The reading now needs adjusting to make allowances for any small variations in the pointer positions. If the figure is directly over the figure, say 5, write down that figure and underline it.

Look at the figure underlined. If one of those numbers in the sequence is followed by a 9, reduce the underlined figure by 1 so the underlined '5' becomes '4'. Use the first five figures on the digital display, and ignore any last figure that begins 0. You may need to press a button to get the figure to display. Smart meters automatically send meter readings to your supplier so you shouldn't have to.

You can keep track of your energy usage using your smart meter's in-home display. If you don't already have a smart meter, you should be offered one in the next few years as part of the government's smart meter rollout.

Economy 7 - There are two types of Economy 7 meter. The first type has two displays - the top row is for 'day rate' electricity marked 'Normal' and the bottom row, which is marked 'Low', shows 'night rate'.

You can read more in our Economy 7 guide.A sound level meter is used for acoustic sound that travels through air measurements. It is commonly a hand-held instrument with a microphone. The best type of microphone for sound level meters is the condenser microphone [1]which combines precision with stability and reliability.

The diaphragm of the microphone responds to changes in air pressure caused by sound waves. This movement of the diaphragm, i. While describing sound in terms of sound pressure Pascal is possible, a logarithmic conversion is usually applied and the sound pressure level is stated instead, with 0 dB SPL equal to 20 micropascals. A microphone is distinguishable by the voltage value produced when a known, constant sound pressure is applied.

This is known as the microphone sensitivity. The instrument needs to know the sensitivity of the particular microphone being used. Using this information, the instrument is able to accurately convert the electrical signal back to a sound pressure, and display the resulting sound pressure level decibels dB SPL.

Sound level meters are commonly used in noise pollution studies for the quantification of different kinds of noise, especially for industrial, environmentalmining [2] and aircraft noise. The current international standard that specifies sound level meter functionality and performances is the IEC However, the reading from a sound level meter does not correlate well to human-perceived loudness, which is better measured by a loudness meter.

Specific loudness is a compressive nonlinearity and varies at certain levels and at certain frequencies. These metrics can also be calculated in a number of different ways. The IEC specifies "three kinds of sound measuring instruments". The standard sound level meter can be called an exponentially averaging sound level meter as the AC signal from the microphone is converted to DC by a root-mean-square RMS circuit and thus it must have a time constant of integration; today referred to as the time-weighting.

Three of these time-weightings have been internationally standardized, 'S' 1 s originally called Slow, 'F' ms originally called Fast and 'I' 35 ms originally called Impulse. Their names were changed in the s to be the same in any language. I-time-weighting is no longer in the body of the standard because it has little real correlation with the impulsive character of noise events.

The output of the RMS circuit is linear in voltage and is passed through a logarithmic circuit to give a readout linear in decibels dB. This is 20 times the base 10 logarithm of the ratio of a given root-mean-square sound pressure to the reference sound pressure.

Root-mean-square sound pressure being obtained with a standard frequency weighting and standard time weighting. The reference pressure is set by International agreement to be 20 micropascals for airborne sound. It follows that the decibel is, in a sense, not a unit, it is simply a dimensionless ratio; in this case the ratio of two pressures. An exponentially averaging sound level meter, which gives a snapshot of the current noise level, is of limited use for hearing damage risk measurements; an integrating or integrating-averaging meter is usually mandated.

However, because the unit of sound was historically described in decibels, the exposure is most often described in terms of sound exposure level SELthe logarithmic conversion of sound exposure into decibels. A common variant of the sound level meter is a noise dosemeter dosimeter in American English. A noise dosimeter American or noise dosemeter British is a specialized sound level meter intended specifically to measure the noise exposure of a person integrated over a period of time; usually to comply with Health and Safety regulations such as the Occupational Safety and Health OSHA 29 CFR This is normally intended to be a body-worn instrument and thus has a relaxed technical requirement, as a body-worn instrument—because of the presence of the body—has a poorer overall acoustic performance.

Traditionally, noise dosemeters were relatively large devices with a microphone mounted near the ear and having a cable going to the instrument body, itself usually belt worn. These devices had several issues, mainly the reliability of the cable and the disturbance to the user's normal work mode, caused by the presence of the cable. In following a UK research grant an EU patent was issued for the first of a range of devices that were so small that they resembled a radiation badge and no cable was needed as the whole unit could be fitted near the ear.Interpreting Your Hearing Test Results Learn how to read your audiogram and make sense of your hearing test results.

W hen you have your hearing professionally checked, the audiologist or specialist will conduct a series of tests designed to measure your hearing acuity and to determine the nature and extent of any hearing loss. Central among these is the classic pure tone test, to measure the quietest tone that you can hear at each frequency pitch across a range of testing frequencies.

The results of the pure tone testing are plotted on a chart called an audiogram. Normally the audiogram is one section of a more comprehensive form, and the results of the other parts of the hearing exam are also recorded on this form. Image courtesy of US Department of Labor Sample audiogram, showing right ear only The Audiogram Across the top of the audiogram is the range of frequencies tested, measured in hertz Hz. Down the left of the chart is a sound level scale, in decibels dBwith 0 dB near the top.

On the chart is plotted your hearing threshold at each frequency tested. For the air conduction test performed with headphones or earphonesthe left ear is plotted using a blue Xand the right ear is plotted using a red O. For a person with excellent hearing, all of the data points would be near the top of the chart, close to 0 dB for every frequency tested. Wherever the markings dip below the top area of the chart, it indicates hearing loss. To calculate your overall threshold hearing level, first calculate the average dB level shown for all the X s left earthen do the same for all the O s right ear.

The X s are not shown on this chart, but you would follow the same procedure for those as well. So you have two numbers, an X average and an O average.

Now take the lower of these two numbers; that is the overall threshold hearing level for your better ear.

With this number, you can use this hearing loss chart to categorize the degree of hearing loss you have. If you are exposed to hazardous levels of noise, the US Centers for Disease Control recommends that you have your hearing professionally tested every year. For an adult with healthy ears and no hazardous noise exposure, testing every three years is recommended. Of course, any time you notice a change in your hearing or have any other concerns about your hearing, it should also be checked out.

See also: What tests are performed during a professional hearing test? Using an audiogram to classify degrees of hearing loss. Follow NoiseHelp. Image courtesy of US Department of Labor. Stay in touch: Follow NoiseHelp. Affiliate Disclosure: Some of the links on this website are affiliate linkswhich means that I may earn a commission if you click on the link or make a purchase using the link.

When you make a purchase, the price you pay will be the same whether you use the affiliate link or go directly to the vendor's website using a non-affiliate link.

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By using the affiliate links, you are helping support the noisehelp. Sarinne Fox Creator and author of noisehelp. This website is powered by SBI! Calculating Your Overall Threshold Hearing Level All of the data shown on the chart is useful in assessing the character of the hearing loss and how best to treat it.

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But sometimes it is helpful to condense the information in the hearing test results down into a single number, to summarize the findings concisely. You can use the chart to calculate your overall threshold hearing level, which in turn can be used to classify the degree of hearing loss mild, moderate, severe, etc. Test Hearing Regularly to See Changes over Time An audiogram is a picture of your hearing profile as captured at a single point in time.

If you have your hearing tested regularly, you can compare your hearing test results from year to year to see whether your hearing ability is worsening over time, and how fast it's happening.During these challenging times, we guarantee we will work tirelessly to support you.

We will continue to give you accurate and timely information throughout the crisis, and we will deliver on our mission — to help everyone in the world learn how to do anything — no matter what.

Thank you to our community and to all of our readers who are working to aid others in this time of crisis, and to all of those who are making personal sacrifices for the good of their communities. We will get through this together. Updated: March 29, References. In common usage, decibels are usually a way to measure the volume loudness of a sound. Decibels are a base 10 logarithmic unit, which means that increasing a sound by 10 decibels results in a sound that is twice as loud as the "base" sound.

In the table below, rising decibel levels are assigned to common sources of noise. In addition, information on hearing damage from exposure to each level of noise is given.

You can also measure decibels using computer programs like Audacity or Decibel reader. Another option is to use a profession decibel meter, which can give you a very accurate decibel reading. For a handy chart showing the approximate decibel levels for common noises, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Facebook Loading Google Loading Civic Loading No account yet?

Create an account. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. By using our site, you agree to our cookie policy. As the COVID situation develops, our hearts ache as we think about all the people around the world that are affected by the pandemic Read morebut we are also encouraged by the stories of our readers finding help through our site.

Article Edit. Learn why people trust wikiHow.What is a decibel? A decibel dB is a unit of measurement that gages the intensity of sound. The units define how loud a noise source is, ranging on a comparative scale from Your average day is filled with sound sources that typically range from dB.

Daytime hours average 10 dB more sound pressure than night time hours. Conversational voice levels average a 65 dB rating, while OSHA demands hearing protection for factory workers exposed over an 8 hour period to levels stronger than 85 dB. The pain threshold for human ear starts at about dB. The decibel scale is logarithmic, not linear. By dropping 6 decibels, for instance, you first move 3 dB, and then another 3 dB. The following table will help illustrate the order of magnitude associated with dB.

I want to hear this. Sound intensity will diminish over time and distance. The further away from the noise source you are, the lower your decibel level readings will become.

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The Inverse Square Law teaches us that for every doubling of the distance between a sound source and the recipient of the sound, a 6 dB drop would occur if there were no echo as from a mountain top. For instance, if you stand 10 feet from a sound source and experience a 90 dB reading, at 20 feet you would experience an 84 dB reading in the absence of echo.

Sound level meter

These results would be experienced only in an open field, such as the top of a mountain, where no surrounding surfaces would interrupt the path of the sound and reflect it backwards to alter the results.

Because of this law, soundproofing treatments are able to trigger stronger absorption results in larger rooms than smaller rooms. When combining two sound sources together, the question of determining the sum of their decibels is addressed using the following scale. This explains that how reflective sounds within a room can grow to become stronger than any one original sound source. For example, if you had a forklift emitting an 87 dB reading driving past a punch press with an 89 dB reading, your overall exposure would be 91 dB not dB.

Conversely, if your voice carried a 70 dB reading at a rock concert emitting dB, your exposure would still be dB. Dosimeters are instruments that can accurately measure your decibel level exposure.

NOISE AND HEARING LOSS PREVENTION

The question is often posed to NetWell:. Unless your application has been triggered by litigation or potential OSHA fines, where documentation is a must, the need to place an expert onsite to record dB readings is a costly step that you can avoid. Remember our goal with your soundproofing treatment is to give you better control over your noise problem, not to cure it. By reproducing for you the results our treatments have triggered for others, and your understanding of decibel definition, you will soon experience the same reduction in dB levels.

Trust our advice, follow our direction and you will soon have your decibels under control! Skip to content Understanding the Decibel What is a decibel? Adding Decibels When combining two sound sources together, the question of determining the sum of their decibels is addressed using the following scale.

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